Nutritional Requirements for All!
We all require different things during different stages of life, and here we will try to break it down for humans as well as canines alike!
First stage of life
To start off with mother’s milk provides colostrum. This is important since puppies do not develop their own for the first 6-12 weeks. Note: if the mother is VEGAN the puppies will only want to eat vegan foods. After 3-4 weeks of age, begin to substitute mother’s milk with solid foods a more of a mushy, gruel like form! At 7 weeks their requirements are about twice as much as that of adults. A high energy food will promote faster growth, and is not recommended which is not good for their skeletal structure. Protein should between 25 to 29% of metabolbolizable energy and fat should be at about 17%.
Maintenance- Protein should be around 18% to 30% of metabolbolizable energy.And fat between 10-20%.
Protein should be between 25 and 35% of metabolizable energy and fat between 20- 30% for very active dogs.Performance means high levels of intense activity. Feed to maintain proper body conditions. Endurance sports should increase fat content slightly. Ensure the diet is energy dense so the dog is able to get the calories required in an amount that is reasonable to consume. Corn Oil and Soybeans, tofu, or soy protein isolate are good for increasing energy density. Dogs should be fed 1.5 to 2 hours before the dog exercises and fed a carbohydrate containing supplement immediately following endurance exercise to replenish glucose levels.
At about 5-7 years of age, possibly more due to the dogs activity, if active dogs may not require geriatric adjustments until they are 9 or 10. At this time geriatric dogs are energy requirements reduced by about 30-40%. And of course geriatric dogs may have medical problems requiring different nutritional needs.
Body Condition Scale
Of course both humans and canines alike have requirements for protein, fat, carbohydrates, and water.
Okay so you have a basic understanding of nutritional needs. One should also work with your doctors and veterinarians and have regular blood tests and test to be sure yourself and your dog are getting what they need to support the life stages.
Until tomorrow when we continue to learn about different important facts.Have a happy and healthy tail waggin’ day.