Fats also called lipids are made up of component fatty acids. They can come from animal or plant sources. Animal sources are usually saturated fats, while plant sources are usually mono or polyunsaturated.
What are fats good for?
Fats are used as an energy source. They also promote growth and healthy skin! We (dogs) have a dietary requirement for a particular type of fatty acid called linoleic acid- it is required in their diet! Linoleic acid are high in safflower , sunflower, and corn oils. Linolenic (Omega 3) fatty acids are now considered essential. Soybeans contain both linoleic and linolenic fatty acids so they make a good ingredient in a dogs diet. Evening Primrose oil is a good source of omega 3 fatty acids as well.
Vitamins and Minerals are an important part of a dogs diet as well and serve many functions. Fat soluble vitamins are stored in fat whereas water soluble vitamins are not. Water soluble vitamins need to be replaced since they are excreted.
Fat soluble vitamins include:
Vitamin A Required for vision, bone growth, immune, and other functions
Vitamin D Vital for insulin synthesis, bone health, and immune function
Vitamin E A strong antioxidant, deals with free radicals
Vitamin K Important in blood coagulation
Water soluble vitamins include:
Thiamin (B1) Burns calories in carbs and good for the nervous system
Riboflavin (B2) Good for the nervous system
Niacin (B3) Helps with Digestion
Pyridoxine (B6) Amino acid metabolism
Pantothenic acid Metabolism of protein, fat, and carbs
Folic Acid Important for Red Blood Cell development
Biotin Metabolism of lipids, glucose, some amino acids, and energy
Colalamin (B12) Red Blood Cells and nerve cells. THIS MUST BE SUPPLEMENTED, ESPECIALLY FOR VEGANS!
Ascorbic acid (C) Antioxidant and free radical scavenger
Choline Supports Metabolism
Carnitine Preventing heart diseases
Ok, so this is a more information we all need to know what we need to feed or fuel our bodies for optimum health. Fats and vitamins are important too! Don’t forget to go over to the right and subscribe to receive updates daily right to your inbox!
Until tomorrow have a happy and healthy tail waggin’ day.